The Roles of Different Multigene Combinations of Pdx1, Ngn3, Sox9, Pax4, and Nkx2.2 in the Reprogramming of Canine ADSCs Into IPCs

Author:

Gao Dengke1ORCID,Dai Pengxiu1,Fan Zhixin1,Wang Jinglu1,Zhang Yihua1ORCID

Affiliation:

1. College of Veterinary Medicine, Northwest A&F University, Xianyang, China

Abstract

Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) are ideal sources for the treatment of diabetes, and the differentiation of ADSCs into insulin-producing cells (IPCs) through transfection of exogenous regulatory genes in vitro has been studied in depth. The differentiation of ADSCs is strictly regulated by a variety of transcription factors such as Pdx1, Ngn3, Pax4, Nkx2.2, and Sox9. However, whether these genes can coordinately regulate the differentiation of ADSCs into IPCs is still unknown. In this study, five multigene coexpressing adenovirus vectors ( pAdTrack-Pdx1-Ngn3-AdEasy, pAdTrack-Pdx1-Ngn3-Sox9-AdEasy, pAdTrack-Pdx1-Ngn3-Pax4-Sox9-AdEasy, pAdTrack-Pdx1-Ngn3-Nkx2.2-Sox9-AdEasy, and pAdTrack-Pdx1-Ngn3-Nkx2.2-Pax4-AdEasy) were constructed, and then the stocks of the packaged adenoviruses were used to infect the canine ADSCs (cADSCs). Based on results of morphological observation, dithizone staining, sugar-stimulated insulin secretion test, cellular insulin immunofluorescence assays, and the detection of pancreatic β-cell development–related genes in the induced cells, the best induction combination ( pAdTrack-Pdx1-Ngn3-Nkx2.2-Pax4-AdEasy) was identified after comparative screening. This study provides a theoretical reference and an experimental basis for further research on stem cell replacement therapy for diabetes.

Funder

Natural Science Foundation of Shaanxi Province

National Natural Science Foundation of China

Publisher

SAGE Publications

Subject

Transplantation,Cell Biology,Biomedical Engineering

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